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Paris history

untitled2.jpgThe Paris site was a small fishing Celtic only in 52 B.C., after the arrival of the Romans began to develop. The settlement of the Romans called it Lutecia forum, a theater, aqueduct and hubs established by the 'City of Parisians, "Civitas Parisiorum (right) was the name.
508 in Paris, the Merovingian dynasty, crowned the first member of the 496 Christianity in the Frankish kingdom of Clovis recorder has a center.
A second French royal dynasty, the Carolingian era of central Paris for a time lost its prestige. The navigation of the Seine and the city flourished due to trade. 1163 started in the construction of Notre-Dame, the massive cathedral nearly 200 years after it made. The Louvre is the construction started, it made fortress. The first Central Market opened in the Halles district, the main paved roads throughout the city.
In 1215 founded the University of Paris IX. Louis during the two new college was founded, the Sorbonne and Saint Chapelle. During this period, developed in Paris is still the current allocation, the Cité island in the heart of the capital, the center of the country's political life, the commercial center of the Halles district, left bank of the Seine to the university. Paris was then Europe's largest city with about 80 thousand inhabitants.
I Magnificent city of Paris during the reign of Francis, the Louvre fortress and keep the site was destroyed in 1528 began developing a magnificent Renaissance palace. 1500th and 1511th built between the Notre Dame Bridge, City Hall was renovated in 1533. IX. Charles (1560-1574) at the time of the Louvre was built as part of the Tuileries Gardens and the palace.
Louis XIV became King of the age of five, a royal residence for Versailles was chosen. The marble, decorated with hundreds of paintings and sculpture garden is also building the power of the Sun King preached. Then the half-million inhabitants of Paris still remained in the artistic and intellectual center. Finished on the Champs-Elysees, the Invalides church, the Salpétrière, the Observatory, the Place Vendôme and the Louvre Kolonnade. Paris, the Revolution gave back earlier significance of the rescued person addicted Bastille, a fortress of the autocracy of the symbols of the 1789th destroyed on July 16. Site developed later in the Place de la Liberté (Liberty Square), in the middle of towering columns at the top of the Statue of Liberty. Napoleon Bonaparte's rise to power is also a large number of Paris marked the start of work on bridges, boulevards and Arc de Triomphe, the first-passage reason, the Exchange Building, the Ourcq, Saint-Denis Saint-Martin and the channels are.
untitled.jpgA modern George Haussmann in Paris (left) due to the large and modern European capital for the establishment, which meets the conditions of modern transport, a pleasant place of residence and included a lot of green space.
The 1944th August 25, after the liberation of Paris present an unbroken development. Many of the old city district renovated. General de Gaulle at the time was built in Roissy (Charles de Gaulle) airport, the memories of George Pompidou Centre Pompidou modern art naughty quotes. The presidents later regretted not the money, if enduring architectural works, was involved. Valéry Giscard d'Estaing during the mandate of the Orsay Museum and the Science City (La Villette) was completed, the time of François Mitterrand began a great work but the result of the famous Louvre pyramid, the Bastille Opera, the National Library, the Economic and Finance Ministry, the Bercy . Jacques Chirac, the stadium, the Stade de France was built by the Parisians.